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4/12/2016 1:04:00 PM | Browse: 450 | Download: 590
Publication Name World Journal of Gastroenterology
Manuscript ID 23707
Country/Territory United Kingdom
2015-12-11 17:36
Peer-Review Started
2015-12-14 13:51
To Make the First Decision
2015-12-30 16:47
Return for Revision
2015-12-31 14:23
2016-01-14 01:48
Second Decision
2016-01-21 11:28
Accepted by Journal Editor-in-Chief
2016-01-21 18:34
Accepted by Company Editor-in-Chief
2016-01-30 17:28
Articles in Press
2016-01-30 17:28
Publication Fee Transferred
Edit the Manuscript by Language Editor
Typeset the Manuscript
2016-03-02 15:53
Publish the Manuscript Online
2016-04-03 18:51
ISSN 1007-9327 (print) and 2219-2840 (online)
Open Access This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Copyright © The Author(s) 2016. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
Article Reprints For details, please visit: http://www.wjgnet.com/bpg/gerinfo/247
Permissions For details, please visit: http://www.wjgnet.com/bpg/gerinfo/207
Publisher Baishideng Publishing Group Inc, 7041 Koll Center Parkway, Suite 160, Pleasanton, CA 94566, USA
Website http://www.wjgnet.com
Category Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Manuscript Type Case Control Study
Article Title Socio-economic status and lifestyle factors are associated with achalasia risk: A population-based case-control study
Manuscript Source Invited Manuscript
All Author List Helen G Coleman, Ronan T Gray, Kar W Lau, Conall McCaughey, Peter V Coyle, Liam J Murray and Brian T Johnston
Funding Agency and Grant Number
Corresponding author Dr. Helen G Coleman, Cancer Epidemiology and Health Services Research Group, Centre for Public Health, Queen’s University Belfast, Grosvenor Rd, Belfast BT12 6BJ, United Kingdom. h.coleman@qub.ac.uk
Keywords Achalasia; Risk factors; Epidemiology; Lifestyle; Socio-economic status
Core Tip Little is known about achalasia aetiology, with roles suggested for genetic conditions, auto-immune diseases and infectious agents. This population-based case-control study investigated lifestyle and household factors in adulthood and childhood in relation to achalasia risk, for the first time. Results indicate that achalasia is a disease of inequality, and individuals from low socio-economic backgrounds are at highest risk. The burden of achalasia in lower socio-economic groups cannot be explained by smoking or alcohol intake. Pet ownership was associated with a two-fold increased risk of achalasia. Further studies of environmental factors and achalasia risk are warranted.
Publish Date 2016-04-03 18:51
Citation Coleman HG, Gray RT, Lau KW, McCaughey C, Coyle PV, Murray LJ, Johnston BT. Socio-economic status and lifestyle factors are associated with achalasia risk: A population-based case-control study. World J Gastroenterol 2016; 22(15): 4002-4008
Url http://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v22/i15/4002.htm
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v22.i15.4002
Full Article (PDF) WJG-22-4002.pdf
Full Article (Word) WJG-22-4002.doc
Manuscript File 23707-Review.docx
Answering Reviewers 23707-Answering reviewers.pdf
Audio Core Tip 23707-Audio core tip.m4a
Biostatistics Review Certificate 23707-Biostatistics statement.pdf
Conflict-of-Interest Disclosure Form 23707-Conflict-of-interest statement.pdf
Copyright License Agreement 23707-Copyright assignment.pdf
Data Sharing Statement 23707-Data sharing statement.pdf
Institutional Review Board Approval Form or Document 23707-Institutional review board statement.pdf
Peer-review Report 23707-Peer-review(s).pdf
Journal Editor-in-Chief Review Report 23707-Journal editor-in-chief review report.pdf
Scientific Misconduct Check 23707-Scientific misconduct check.pdf
Scientific Editor Work List 23707-Scientific editor work list.pdf