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10/20/2016 5:06:00 PM | Browse: 302 | Download: 276
Publication Name World Journal of Gastroenterology
Manuscript ID 26055
Country of Manuscript Source Iran
Received
2016-03-28 08:37
Peer-Review Started
2016-03-29 14:43
To Make the First Decision
2016-05-30 09:21
Return for Revision
2016-05-30 13:06
Revised
2016-06-13 16:18
Second Decision
2016-07-08 08:48
Accepted by Journal Editor-in-Chief
2016-07-10 22:15
Accepted by Company Editor-in-Chief
2016-07-21 16:04
Articles in Press
2016-07-21 16:04
Publication Fee Transferred
Edit the Manuscript by Language Editor
2016-09-12 13:34
Typeset the Manuscript
2016-10-13 12:33
Publish the Manuscript Online
2016-10-20 17:06
ISSN 1007-9327 (print) and 2219-2840 (online)
Open Access This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Copyright © The Author(s) 2016. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
Article Reprints For details, please visit: http://www.wjgnet.com/bpg/gerinfo/247
Permissions For details, please visit: http://www.wjgnet.com/bpg/gerinfo/207
Publisher Baishideng Publishing Group Inc, 7041 Koll Center Parkway, Suite 160, Pleasanton, CA 94566, USA
Website http://www.wjgnet.com
Specialty Infectious Diseases
Manuscript Type Topic Highlights
Article Title Update on occult hepatitis B virus infection
Manuscript Source Invited Manuscript
All Author List Manoochehr Makvandi
Funding Agency and Grant Number
Corresponding author Dr. Manoochehr Makvandi, Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Boulevard Golestan, Ahvaz 15794-61357, Iran. manoochehrmakvandi29@yahoo.com
Keywords Nested polymerase chain reaction; Occult hepatitis B infection; Cryptogenic; Real-time polymerase chain reaction
Core Tip Occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) is defined as negative hepatitis B surface antigen and positive/negative anti-hepatitis B core immunoglobulin G status but hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA is detectable in serum and liver tissue. Genotypes A, C, G, E and D have been found among patients with OBI in different regions of the world. Genotype D is the only dominant genotype among Iranian OBI patients. OBI has been reported among many high risk groups, including blood donors, liver transplant recipients, patients co-infected with hepatitis C virus/human immunodeficiency virus, patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy or hemodialysis, patients with liver cirrhosis, cryptogenic liver disease, or abnormal alanine transaminase, healthcare workers, patients with lymphoma or rheumatoid arthritis. It is recommended that to manage and reduce OBI and HBV carriage, the screening of HBV DNA be implemented among high risk groups by means of highly sensitive molecular assays periodically. In addition, comprehensive investigations are needed to understand the epidemiology of OBI worldwide.
Publish Date 2016-10-20 17:06
Citation Makvandi M. Update on occult hepatitis B virus infection. World J Gastroenterol 2016; 22(39): 8720-8734
Url http://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v22/i39/8720.htm
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v22.i39.8720
Full Article (PDF) WJG-22-8720.pdf
Full Article (Word) WJG-22-8720.doc
Manuscript File 26055-Review.doc
Answering Reviewers 26055-Answering reviewers.pdf
Audio Core Tip 26055-Audio core tip.mp3
Copyright License Agreement 26055-Copyright assignment.pdf
Peer-review Report 26055-Peer-review(s).pdf
Journal Editor-in-Chief Review Report 26055-Journal editor-in-chief review report.pdf
Scientific Misconduct Check 26055-Scientific misconduct check.pdf
Scientific Editor Work List 26055-Scientific editor work list.pdf